Installing Oracle SOA Suite 12c

Hi All,

As you all know that the Oracle 12c is out now… this is the first Major release where oracle has now combined the Oracle Service Bus with the SOA Suite Install… and its apparently only a 30 min single installation…

So firstly download the soa suite  from

This contains

SOA Suite 12.1.3 Size: 2.97 GB, Check Sum: 1579850769

Note: The generic SOA Suite Quick Start Installer for developers is used on all platforms. It allows you to quickly install a development or evaluation environment on a single host computer. It includes Oracle BPEL Process ManagerOracle Human WorkflowOracle Business Rules, Oracle Mediator, Oracle Service BusTechnology Adapters Oracle Enterprise Scheduler, SOA Spring Component, Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control, Oracle JDeveloper with SOA IDE extensions and an integrated WebLogic Server and Java DB.

You can see the official quick start guide at

Few things to note are

It needs JDK 1.7 so I downloaded (64 Bit) that from

Next Set your JAVA_HOME

SET JAVA_HOME=C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.7.0_60

For Linux

export JAVA_HOME

Now we are all set to go….Open Command Prompt.

 IMPORTANT: It needs you to run that in admin mode.

Search for cmd.exe in the Start menu. Right-click the cmd.exe and select Run as Administrator.

In the command prompt, use the Java executable from the JDK on your system. Your command may look like this:

%JAVA_HOME%\bin\java -jar fmw_12. I did this and got the error in the screenshot… soa8
Note by default windows installs to Program files location which has a space so I had to use “” with “JAVA_HOME” and then it fired just fine. C:\Nitin\SOA\SOA12c>”%JAVA_HOME%”\bin\java -jar fmw_12.






That’s it now it’s time to sit back and relax….




Once you hit finish it launches Jdeveloper for the first time… Prompts to select the role I chose the studio role and allowed to import preferences from my previous installs which is optional.



ALL DONE…. Happy Developing….

Please leave your feedback in comments.


OSB Deployment scripts using configtool

These instructions are only valid for OSB Release onwards.


How to export desired projects using the configjar utility


The configjar tool is located in the OSB installation directory under


[Check the path relative to your install]

Run the setenv.cmd

And execute the

C:\oracle\Middleware11117\Oracle_OSB1\tools\configjar\configjar.bat -settingsfile C:\OSB_Deployment\OSBPS6_MavenConfigTool\nysolutions_export_projects.xml


Where the nysolutions_export_projects.xml file contains the names of the projects and the configuration files and the desired output filename.




The nysolutions_export_projects.xml I used for this post was




        <project dir="C:\Users\nitina\osbworkspace\Contracts"/>
        <project dir="C:\Users\nitina\osbworkspace\NYSService1"/>
        <project dir="C:\Users\nitina\osbworkspace\NYSService2"/>
        <project dir="C:\Users\nitina\osbworkspace\NYSService3"/>
        <system  dir="C:\Users\nitina\osbworkspace\nys-conf"/>
    <configjar jar="C:\OSB_Deployment\OSBPS6_MavenConfigTool\export\NYSsbconfig.jar">
         <projectLevel includeSystem="true"/>





Complete list of options and commands are available in oracle documentation at


Export Settings File Schema Definition

Below is the schema definition for the export settings XML file. Some of the text below has been wrapped for readability.

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:element name="configjarSettings" type="tns:configjarSettings"/>
<xs:complexType name="configjarSettings">
      <xs:element name="source" type="tns:source" />
      <xs:element name="configjar" type="tns:configjar" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
<xs:complexType name="source">
      <xs:choice minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="unbounded">
         <xs:element name="project">
               <xs:attribute name="dir" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
         <xs:element name="system">
               <xs:attribute name="dir" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
      <xs:element name="extensionMapping" minOccurs="0">
               <xs:element name="mapping" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
                    <xs:attribute name="type" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
                  <xs:attribute name="extensions" type="xs:string"
     <xs:element name="fileset" type="tns:contentSet" minOccurs="0"/>
<xs:complexType name="configjar">
      <xs:choice minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1">
         <xs:element name="projectLevel" type="tns:projectLevel"/>
         <xs:element name="resourceLevel" type="tns:resourceLevel"/>
  <xs:attribute name="jar" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
  <xs:attribute name="overwrite" type="xs:boolean" use="optional"
<xs:complexType name="projectLevel">
      <xs:element name="project" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"
   <xs:attribute name="includeSystem" type="xs:boolean" use="optional"
<xs:complexType name="resourceLevel">
      <xs:element name="resources" type="tns:contentSet" minOccurs="0"/>
   <xs:attribute name="includeDependencies" type="xs:boolean" use="optional"
<xs:complexType name="contentSet">
      <xs:element name="include" type="tns:contentSetPattern" minOccurs="0"
      <xs:element name="exclude" type="tns:contentSetPattern" minOccurs="0"
<xs:complexType name="contentSetPattern">
  <xs:attribute name="name" type="xs:string" use="required"/>



Sample configSettings.xml generated using eclipse


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <tns:project dir=""/>
      <tns:mapping extensions="" type=""/>
      <tns:include name=""/>
      <tns:exclude name=""/>
  <tns:configjar jar="" overwrite="true">
    <tns:projectLevel includeSystem="false">



Step 2


Create a ALSBCustomizationFile.xml which contains all the config settings.


Step 3


Run the deployment scripts to deploy the NYSsbconfig.jar file generated above…

Update the wlst with environment specific values

java weblogic.WLST


Where the file is

from java.util import HashMap
from java.util import HashSet
from java.util import ArrayList
from import FileInputStream
from import Refs
from com.bea.wli.config.customization import Customization
from import ALSBImportOperation
import sys
# Entry function to deploy project configuration and resources
#        into a ALSB domain
def importToALSBDomain():
        SessionMBean = None
        print 'Attempting to import :', importJar, "on ALSB Admin Server listening on :", adminUrl
        theBytes = readBinaryFile(importJar)
        print 'Read file', importJar
        sessionName = createSessionName()
        print 'Created session', sessionName
        SessionMBean = getSessionManagementMBean(sessionName)
        print 'SessionMBean started session'
        ALSBConfigurationMBean = findService(String("ALSBConfiguration.").concat(sessionName), "")
        print "ALSBConfiguration MBean found", ALSBConfigurationMBean
        print 'Jar Uploaded'
        if project == "None":
            print 'No project specified, additive deployment performed'
            alsbJarInfo = ALSBConfigurationMBean.getImportJarInfo()
            alsbImportPlan = alsbJarInfo.getDefaultImportPlan()
            importResult = ALSBConfigurationMBean.importUploaded(alsbImportPlan)
            SessionMBean.activateSession(sessionName, "Complete import without customization using wlst")
            print 'ALSB project', project, 'will get overlaid'
            alsbJarInfo = ALSBConfigurationMBean.getImportJarInfo()
            alsbImportPlan = alsbJarInfo.getDefaultImportPlan()
            operationMap = alsbImportPlan.getOperations()
            print 'Default importPlan'
            set = operationMap.entrySet()
            abort = false
            #list of created ref
            createdRef = ArrayList()
            for entry in set:
                ref = entry.getKey()
                op = entry.getValue()
                #set different logic based on the resource type
                type = ref.getTypeId
                if type == Refs.SERVICE_ACCOUNT_TYPE or type == Refs.SERVICE_PROVIDER_TYPE:
                    if op.getOperation() == ALSBImportOperation.Operation.Create:
                        print 'Unable to import a service account or a service provider on a target system', ref
                        abort = true
#                elif op.getOperation() == ALSBImportOperation.Operation.Create:
                    #keep the list of created resources
                    print 'ref: ',ref
            if abort == true :
                print 'This jar must be imported manually to resolve the service account and service provider dependencies'
            print 'Modified importPlan'
            importResult = ALSBConfigurationMBean.importUploaded(alsbImportPlan)
            if importResult.getFailed().isEmpty() == false:
                print 'One or more resources could not be imported properly'
            #customize if a customization file is specified
            #affects only the created resources
            if customFile != "None" :
                print 'Loading customization File', customFile
                print 'Customization applied to the created resources only', createdRef
                iStream = FileInputStream(customFile)
                customizationList = Customization.fromXML(iStream)
                filteredCustomizationList = ArrayList()
                setRef = HashSet(createdRef)
                # apply a filter to all the customizations to narrow the target to the created resources
                for customization in customizationList:
                    print customization
                    newcustomization = customization.clone(setRef)
            SessionMBean.activateSession(sessionName, "Complete import with customization using wlst")
        print "Deployment of : " + importJar + " successful"
        print "Unexpected error:", sys.exc_info()[0]
        if SessionMBean != None:
# Utility function to print the list of operations
def printOpMap(map):
    set = map.entrySet()
    for entry in set:
        op = entry.getValue()
        print op.getOperation(),
        ref = entry.getKey()
        print ref
# Utility function to print the diagnostics
def printDiagMap(map):
    set = map.entrySet()
    for entry in set:
        diag = entry.getValue().toString()
        print diag
# Utility function to read a binary file
def readBinaryFile(fileName):
    file = open(fileName, 'rb')
    bytes =
    return bytes
# Utility function to create an arbitrary session name
def createSessionName():
    sessionName = String("SessionScript"+Long(System.currentTimeMillis()).toString())
    return sessionName
# Utility function to load a session MBeans
def getSessionManagementMBean(sessionName):
    SessionMBean = findService("SessionManagement", "")
    return SessionMBean
# IMPORT script init
    # import the service bus configuration
    adminUser    = "weblogic"
    adminPassword= "weblogic1"
    adminUrl     = "t3://soabpm-vm:7001"
    importJar    = "export/NYSsbconfig.jar"
    customFile   = "ALSBCustomizationFile.xml"
    passphrase   = "osb"
    project      = "NYSService1"
    print "Unexpected error: ", sys.exc_info()[0]


That’s it all done…you can then check on the sbconsole that the changes have all been deployed.

Oracle Service Bus   View Configuration Changes


Testing Oracle Service Bus components

Testing Approach with OSB

I have been having a thought about what’s the best way forward with automating unit tests with OSB

First of all there are 2 things here…

One is Unit testing and the Second bit is automating them…


A customer of mine was very keen on unit testing and automation and this is what I explained to them. There isn’t that much of an issue in adding unit tests to all services just that it means we do some additional work mocking services.
For SOAP Services it’s simply a case of writing SOAPUI web services test cases.
However since most of the integrations at the customer weren’t synchronous SOAP Services we will have to write test cases for JMS messages. Again this can be done via SOAPUI or we can also use something like citrus.
Citrus is an integration testing framework written in Java that tests your software application to fit into your customer’s environment. The tool simulates surrounding systems across various transports (e.g. Http, JMS, TCP/IP, SOAP …) in order to perform automatic end-to-end use case testing.

For JMS based Messaging services again we can have SOAPUI test cases as we did for the earlier phases of the project.

Also see

However the bit where we might struggle or may be have to tweak things a bit is when it comes to proxy chaining which isn’t SOAP or JMS… eg. Local protocol provided by OSB  i.e. proxies that can’t be executed from the outside world…

SO for these we have the following options
1.       Do nothing i.e. don’t unit test them just test with other services… which may not be that bad as they are like internal services.
2.       Change the protocol in Dev environments allowing them to be tested individually however that might also come with other complications like there is a difference in how transactions work in local proxies etc… also the headers are different in SOAP over HTTP from JMS and the same for local.. so further analysis really needs to go into this but most likely we will have to break these down on a case by case basis and would end up with 3-4 different scenarios based on the blueprints.

3.       Also looking at some blogs people are talking about adding SOAP based wrappers for such services. Which we can consider, just that I am not a big fan of adding code that isn’t really part of your project but with careful governance we can take this approach…

 Another aspect you want to consider is how we test transformations

Xquery Transformations:

Eclipse lets you unit test them from the IDE and can also be tested from the OSB console.

Eclipse Xquery


xquery test


I haven’t tested it using any tool before but can see people have written java code to automate this. might be worth testing it.

In addition another approach commonly used and documented by some fellow bloggers is that we can wrap Transformations and simple services without much overhead which allows them to be easily tested along with other services using SOAPUI for example.

So all in all we can have unit tests for OSB just that we need to identify all the scenarios i.e. soap calls, jms services, adapters, sync, XQuery transforms one way services etc… Also Queues and we should be able to unit test them…
There is a very useful post on Eric’s site regarding how to use Citrus framework which can plug with maven to provide automation of unit tests.

Part 2 AUTOMATING Unit Tests

If we want to initiate the entire unit tests and plug them with the Continuous integration

I think the biggest challenge is that normally unless you have a dedicated environment which only contains the mocks you would struggle to do that. In a normal integration environment we will need to first either automate creation of a session executing a Customization file which switches the endpoints to mocks and then executes the requests (all this is doable using maven and automation scripts – just not desirable)….. The good thing is with OSB you can undo a session so may be post execution the changes to endpoints in rolled back.
Preferred solution: would be to have a dedicated Unit test environment with all the mocks running on this environment, which can be used with CI. As soon a developer checks the code in the CI kicks in and checks the code out, performs the build, executes all the test cases and provide you the report about the test coverage. This can work with Bamboo as it has worked with Continuum and some other tools which I have tried in the past, I might be looking to hook this will Bamboo in the coming few days for one of our customers.
Test coverage Reports using SOAP UI



a web service testing result report created with soapUI Pro


Test Coverage using Citrus

Oracle Service Bus testing with Citrus

Other thing that just came to mind was maybe we can be using dynamic routing to switch between mock or real endpoints based on the input message but in that case the mock business services will have to live on the server as well…again you wont want these to progress through the environments so you will have to have a strong governance model around how to ignore certain files from deployments…. Or may be how to ignore all files sitting in the Unit test folder of the project….  Again more thought needs to go into each of these options…


Continuous Integration with OSB –

These are the just the various options I have considered so far for the Testing Approach with OSB and how it plugs into CI… Further analysis may be needed for some of these to ensure they are the best possible solution for your organisation.

I would be interested to know what your views are on some of these?